Female flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and female flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Alchornea rugosa (Lour.) Mull.Arg.
Mueller Argoviensis, J. (1865) Linnaea 34: 170. Type: ?.
Cladodes rugosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 574(1790), Type: Vietnam.
A small tree seldom exceeding 20 cm dbh, often flowering and fruiting as a shrub.
About 2-5 flat glands normally visible near the base on the underside of the leaf blade on each side of the midrib. Leaf blades about 6.5-14 x 3-6.5 cm. Small oil dots visible with a lens. Domatia are inconspicuous tufts of hairs. Midrib raised on the upper surface.
Male flowers: Flowers in spikes, fascicles and panicles, branches about 10-20 cm or more long. Female flowers: Flowers in spikes or racemes about 10-15 cm long. Stigmas linear-subulate, often recurved at the apex.
Capsules pubescent, +/- depressed globular, 3-lobed, about 7-8 x 9-10 mm, calyx and stigmas persistent. Seeds about 6 x 4-5 mm.
At the tenth leaf stage: margin serrate; domatia, if present, are inconspicuous tufts of hairs, visible with a lens; petiole covered with short pale hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 700 m. Grows in well developed rain forest, particularly gallery forest. Also occurs in SE Asia and Malesia.
This species may have medicinal properties. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A831.htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)