Male flowers and buds. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, male flowers and buds.. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, three views, cross section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Male flowers and buds.. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, Fruit. Copyright G. Sankowsy
Fruit. Copyright G. Sankowsy
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Diospyros pentamera (Woolls & F.Muell.) F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1883) Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 92. Type: ?.
Cargillia pentamera F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 82(1864), Type: In insula Ash Island ad flumen Hunters River, Miss Scott, W. Woolls; ad fluvium Clarence River, H. Beckler, C. Moore, J. Wilcox.. Cargillia arborea Hiern, Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 12(1): 239(1873), Type: ?.
Ebony, Myrtle; Plum, Grey; Myrtle Ebony; Grey Plum; Grey Persimmon; Black Myrtle; Grey Ebony
Outer dead bark brown to almost black.
About 4-12 small, dark glands, scattered on the underside of the leaf blade. Leaf blades about 4-11 x 2-.5 cm, much paler on the underside (yellowish green). Lateral veins forming a double series of loops inside the blade margin. Terminal buds and young shoots clothed in pale brown prostrate hairs.
Male flowers: Flowers about 4 mm long. Outer surface of the calyx and corolla densely clothed in pale (calyx gold, corolla white) prostrate hairs. Stamens 20, fused in pairs in two whorls. Female flower features not available.
Fruits seated on a 5-lobed sericeous persistent calyx. Fruits glabrous, +/- globular, about 12-15 mm diam.
Cotyledons linear, about 10-12 x 1 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade with a few scattered hairs on both the upper and lower surfaces; scattered oil dots easily seen with a lens.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 400-1100 m. Grows in drier rain forest often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta).
Fruit eaten by several species of birds. Cooper & Cooper (1994).