Цветоводство, садовые цветы
Euphorbiaceae, растения Австралии
Family Profile

Euphorbiaceae

Family Description

A family of about 300 genera and 7500 species, cosmopolitan but reaching its best development in tropical and subtropical areas.

Genera

Acalypha - A genus of more than 400 species, pantropical but also extending north and south of the tropics; six species occur naturally in Australia and two species have become naturalised. Forster (1994b); Webster (1994b).

Alchornea - A genus of about 50-70 species, pantropic; three species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1976, 1980b); Webster (1994b).

Aleurites - A genus of two species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980b); Forster (1996); Stuppy et al (1999).

Baloghia - A genus of about 15 species in New Guinea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Green (1986); Webster (1994b); White (1942).

Bertya - A genus of about 28 species endemic to Australia. Halford & Henderson (2002); Guymer (1988); Webster (1994b).

Claoxylon - A genus of about 113 species in Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the western Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia, three are endemic. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Forster (2007); Webster (1994b).

Cleidion - A genus of 20-25 species, pantropic; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b).

Codiaeum - A genus of about 15 species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Webster (1994b).

Croton - A large and diverse genus of about 750-800 or more species, pantropic; about 20 species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Forster (1991); Webster (1994b); Forster (2003).

Dimorphocalyx - A genus of 12-15 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1969, 1974); Webster (1994b).

Endospermum - A genus of 12-14 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Schaeffer (1971); Smith (1947).

Euphorbia - A vast genus of about 1000-2000 species, cosmopolitan; about 35 species occur naturally in Australia and about 19 species have become naturalised. Forster (1994c); Hassall (1977); Webster (1994b); White (1942).

Excoecaria - A small tropical genus with most species in Asia but with a few species extending to Africa, Madagascar, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Webster (1994b).

Fontainea - A genus of about ten species in New Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia; six species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup & Guymer (1985).

Homalanthus - A genus of about 20-30 species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands as far as Tahiti; three species occur naturally in Australia. Esser (1997); Forster (1994d); Webster (1994b).

Hylandia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Airy Shaw (1974).

Macaranga - A genus of about 250-300 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; seven species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Webster (1994b).

Mallotus - A genus of about 140-150 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia, Fiji and other Pacific islands; about 12 species occur naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a, 1980b); Forster (1999b); Webster (1994b).

Manihot - A genus of about 98 species from tropical and subtropical America; three species are occasionally naturalised in Australia. Forster (1997c).

Microstachys - A genus of about 14 species mainly neotropical but with a few species in temperate North America, Asia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Webster (1994b); Esser (1999).

Omphalea - A genus of about 15 species, pantropic; three species occur naturally in Australia. Forster (1995b).

Pimelodendron - A genus of five species in Malesia, Australia and the Solomon Islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1980a); Djarwamingsih (2004).

Ricinocarpos - A genus of about 15 species endemic to Australia. Webster (1994b).

Rockinghamia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Airy Shaw (1966, 1976); Webster (1994b).

Shonia - A genus of four species endemic to Australia.

Suregada - A genus of about 40 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Airy Shaw (1976).

Tragia - A genus of about 125 species mainly in tropical Africa and the Americas; three species occur naturally in Australia. Forster (1994e, 1997d).

Wetria - A genus of two species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Forster (1994a); Welzen (1998).

References

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1966). Notes on Malaysian and other Asiatic Euphorbiaceae LXI. A new genus from Queensland. Kew Bulletin 20:29-31.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1969). Notes on Malesian and other Asiatic Euphorbiaceae. CXVL. Notes on Tritaxis Baill. and Dimorphocalyx Thw. Kew Bulletin 23:123-126.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1974). Notes on Malesian and other Asiatic Euphorbiaceae CLXXXVI. A new ostodoid genus from Queensland. Kew Bulletin 29:329-331.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1976). New or noteworthy Australian Euphorbiaceae. Kew Bulletin 31:341-398.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1980a). A partial synopsis of the Euphorbiaceae - Platylobeae of Australia (excluding Phyllanthus, Euphorbia and Calycocephalus). Kew Bulletin 35:577-700.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1980b). New or noteworthy Australian Euphorbiaceae, II. Muelleria 4:207-241.

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1983). Euphorbiaceae. In Morley, B.D. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds) 'Flowering Plants in Australia.' (Rigby Publishers: Adelaide.), pp. 129-135.

Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. (1963). Euphorbiaceae. In 'Flora of Java.' Vol. 1, (N.V.P. Noordhoff: Groningen.), pp. 441-505.

Djarwaningsih, T. (2004). Revision of Pimeleodendron (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 49: 407-423.

Esser, H.-J. (1997). A revision of Omalanthus (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 42:421-466.

Esser, H.-J. (1999). A partial revision of Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 44:149-215.

Fell, David G. (2007). The distribution, habitat and conservation status of Suregada glomerulata (Blume) Baill. (Euphorbiaceae) from north-eastern Cape York Peninsula, Queensland. Austrobaileya 7(3): 573-575.

Forster, P.I. (1991). Variation in Croton capitis-york (Euphorbiaceae). Kew Bulletin 46:569-572.

Forster, P.I. (1994a). Wetria australiensis sp. nov. (Euphorbiaceae) a new genus record for Australia. Austrobaileya 4:139-143.

Forster, P.I. (1994b). A taxonomic revision of Acalypha L. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 4:209-226.

Forster, P.I. (1994c). Revision of Euphorbia plumerioides Teijsm. ex Hassk. (Euphorbiaceae) and allies. Austrobaileya 4:245-264.

Forster, P.I. (1994d). Omalanthus nutans (Euphorbiaceae), the correct name for the 'Native Bleeding Heart' or 'Native Poplar' of Australia. Telopea 6:169-171.

Forster, P.I. (1994e). A taxonomic revision of Tragia (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 7:377-383.

Forster, P.I. (1995b). Omphalea celata, a new species of Euphorbiaceae from central Queensland. Austrobaileya 4:381-385.

Forster, P.I. (1996). A taxonomic revision of Aleurites J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia and New Guinea. Muelleria 9:5-13.

Forster, P.I. (1997a). A taxonomic revision of Drypetes Vahl. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 4:477-494.

Forster, P.I. (1997b). A taxonomic revision of Austrobuxus Miq. (Euphorbiaceae: Dissiliariinae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 4:619-626.

Forster, P.I. (1997c) Notes on the naturalised Flora of Queensland, 3. Austrobaileya 5(1)

Forster, P.I. (1997d). Tragia finalis (Euphorbiaceae), a new species from northern Queensland. Australian Systematic Botany 10:863-866.

Forster, P.I. (1999b). A taxonomic revision of Mallotus Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 5:457-497.

Forster, P.I. & Welzen, P.C. von (1999). The Malesian species of Choriceras, Fontainea & Petalostigma (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 44: 99-107.

Forster, P.I. (2003). A taxonomic revision of Croton L. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 6: 349-436.

Forster, P.I. (2005). A taxonomic revision of Actephila L. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 7(1): 57-98.

Green, P.S. (1986). New combinations in Baloghia and Codiaeum. Kew Bulletin 41:1026.

Guymer, G.P. (1988). Notes on Bertya Planchon (Euphorbiaceae). Austrobaileya 2:427-431.

Halford, D.A. & Henderson, R.J.F. (2002). Studies in Euphorbiaceae A.L.Juss. sens. lat. 3. A revision of Bertya Planch. (Ricinocarpeae Mull.Arg., Bertyinae Mull.Arg.) Austrobaileya 6:187-245.

Hassall, D.C. (1977). The genus Euphorbia in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 25:429-453.

James, T.A & Harden, G.J. (1990). Flora of New South Wales 1: 394.

Jessup. L.W. & Guymer, G.P. (1985). A revision of Fontainea Heckel (Euphorbiaceae - Cluytiae). Austrobaileya 2:112-125.

Kulju, K.K.M. & Welzen, P.C.van. (2005). Revision of the genus Cleidion (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 50(1): 197-219.

McPherson, G. (1991). Breynia. In 'Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances.' Vol. 17, (Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle: Paris.), pp. 14-18.

Schaeffer, J. (1971). Revision of the genus Endospermum Bth. (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 19:171-192.

Sierra, S.E.C., Welzen, P.C. van & Silk, J.W.F. (2005) A taxonomic revision of Mallotus section Philippinenses (former section Rottlera - Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia and Thailand. Blumea 50(2): 230-234.

Smith, L.S. (1947). The ligneous genus Endospermum Benth. (Euphorbiaceae) in New Guinea. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 58:51-60.

Stuppy, W., Welzen, P.C. van, Klinratana, P. & Posa, M.C.T. (1999). Revision of the genera Aleurites, Reutealis and Vernicia (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 44:71-98.

Webb, L.J. (1948). Guide to the medicinal and poisonous plants of Queensland. CSIR Bulletin No. 232. : 58.

Webster, G.L. (1994a). Classification of the Euphorbiaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 81:2-32.

Webster, G.L. (1994b). Synopsis of the genera and subgeneric taxa of Euphorbiaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 81:33-144.

Welzen, .C. van (1998). Wetria. In Welzen, P.C. van, et al. Revision and phylogenies of Malesian Euphorbiaceae. Blumea 43:155-160.

White, C.T. (1942). Contributions to the Queensland Flora, No. 7. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 53:201-228.


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