Цветоводство, садовые цветы
Neolamarckia cadamba, растения Австралии

 
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO

 
Flowers and buds. Copyright CSIRO

 
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO

 
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO

 
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO

Neolamarckia cadamba

Family

Rubiaceae

Botanical Name

Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser

Bosser, J. (1984) Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, section B, Adansonia 3: 247. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Sarcocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Kurz, Forest Flora of British Burma 2: 63(1877), Type: ?. Nauclea cadamba Roxb., Flora Indica 1 (2): 121(1824), Type: Rheede, Hort. Ind. Malabar. tab. 33 Katou-tsjaka (1678-1703). Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) A.Rich. ex Walp., Repert. 2: 491(1843), Type: Previously misapplied name. Anthocephalus morindaefolius Korth., Verh. nat. gesch. Ned. Bezitt. Bot. t. 48: 154(1842), Type: Korthals s.n., Melintang, Sumatra (L). Cephalanthus chinensis Lam., Encycl. Meth. 1: 678(1785), Type: Lectotype: Sonnerat s. n. Asia?.

Common name

Leichhardt Pine; Laran; Kelampayan; Burrflower Tree; Kadam; Labula

Stem

Blaze finely layered and dead bark layered. Blaze darkens on exposure.

Leaves

Stipules tapering to a point at the apex. Cream or pale brown glands resembling insect eggs normally present on the inner surface at the base of each stipule. Leaf blades about 13-36 x 8-18 cm.

Flowers

Flowers in spherical heads, about 2.5-4 cm diam. Calyx about 5-8 mm long. Corolla tube about 8 mm long, lobes about 2-3 mm long. Ovary 2-locular in the basal part, but 4-locular in the upper part. Styles and stigmas cream.

Fruit

Fruit multiple, fused into a head about 2-4.5 cm diam. Seeds very small, about 1 mm long, cylindrical, testa thin and rugose.

Seedlings

Cotyledons broadly elliptic to +/- orbicular, about 3 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf upper surface and petiole clothed in very short hairs; stipules interpetiolar, apex acuminate with short, inconspicuous hairs along the margin.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 250 m. Grows in dry rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

Natural History

Under good conditions, this species grows to a large tree and has been cultivated in SE Asia as a timber tree.

Leaf material of this species was active against some tumors. Collins et al. (1990).

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

779


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