Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Leaves, flowers and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Solanum viridifolium Dunal
Dunal, M.F. in Candolle, A.L.P.P. de (1852) Prodromus 13(1): 73. Type: In Novae Hollandiae Nova Cambriae australi, circa promontorium Grafton (Banks).
Solanum viride R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 445(1810), Type: Northern Australia, R. Brown; holo: BM?.
Does not grow beyond 30 cm dbh.
Leafy twigs green, about 1-2 mm diam., containing a large proportion of pith. Leaf blades about 6.5-17 x 2-7 cm, with about 5-10 main lateral veins on each side of the midrib, midrib raised on the upper surface. Leaves may appear to be in whorls of three, but in reality pairs of leaves are produced above scars from former twigs or inflorescences.
Inflorescence 10-50 flowered, pedicels about 10-15 mm long. Calyx glabrous, about 2-4 mm long, lobes 1-2 mm long. Corolla about 15 mm diam., 4-5-lobed, tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 6-7 mm long, usually with stellate hairs along the margins. Anthers about 4-5 mm long, filaments about 1 mm long. Ovary about 0.5-1 mm long with a few glandular hairs usually present, style about 5 mm long.
Calyx glabrous, persistent, but scarcely covering the base of the fruit. Fruits globular, about 7-10 mm diam. Seeds about 30-40 per fruit, flattened, about 2.5-3 mm diam, distinctly reticulate, margin thickened.
Cotyledons ovate or lanceolate, about 7-17 x 3-5.5 mm, petiole about 2-4 mm long, apex aristate, often hairy about the margin. First pair of leaves hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade ovate or elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate, upper surface glabrous or with a few scattered stellate hairs, undersurface usually with a few scattered stellate hairs and prickles along the midrib; petiole and stem usually armed with long, straight spines.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1200 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth.
Fruit eaten by Fruit Pigeons. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)