Fruit, side views. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side views, dehiscing and arillous seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Toechima monticola S.T.Reynolds
Reynolds, S.T. (1985) Flora of Australia 25: 202. Type: Mt Lewis, Qld, 16 deg 35 S, 145 deg 15 E, 11 Jan. 1977, B.Gray 218; holo: BRI; iso: QRS..
A small tree seldom exceeding 20 cm dbh.
Leaflets about 4-10 in the compound leaf, each leaflet blade about 6-16.5 x 2.8-5.2 cm. Leaflet stalks swollen at their junction with the compound leaf rhachis. Young shoots brownish due to the presence of very small hairs which are scarcely visible with a lens.
Inflorescence about 4.5-18.5 cm long, approximating but not exceeding the leaves, pedicels about 4 mm long. Calyx lobes about 2.5 mm long, pubescent. Petals shorter than the calyx, about 2 mm long, with two large, hairy, glandular scales on the inner surface. Stamens eight. Staminal filaments hairy towards the base, about 2 mm or more long, inserted on the inner side of the yellow disk. Ovary pubescent.
Fruit subglobose, about 18-22 x 18-22 mm, outer surface puberulent or velutinous. Valves villous on the inner surface. Seeds about 13 x 12 mm. Aril at the base of the seed only.
First pair of leaves ovate, blades about 40-50 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades ovate or elliptic, glabrous, midrib raised on the upper surface; leaflet stalks channelled on the upper surface; terminal bud and young shoot densely clothed in short, dark brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the area between Mt Spurgeon and the southern edge of the Atherton Tableland. Altitudinal range from 700-1200 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed mountain rain forest.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)