Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, dehiscing fruit and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower and buds. Copyright Barry Jago
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Xanthophyllum octandrum (F.Muell.) Domin
Domin, K. (1928) Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 860. Type: ?.
Xanthophyllum macintyrii F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 57(1865), Type: Ad sinum Rockinghams Bay. Macintyria octandra F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 8(1865), Type: Rockingham Bay, Dallachy.
Mareeba Stonewood; Yellow Boxwood; Sovereignwood; Soft Ghittoe; Mealy Barked Yellow Stonewood; Macintyre's Boxwoos; False Jitta; Cheesewood; Boxwood, Yellow; Boxwood, Macintyre's; Milky Jitta
Stem completely lacking any form of buttress. Crown generally thin and sparse.
Leaf blades about 6.5-17 x 2-6.2 cm. About 4-8 main lateral veins on each side of the midrib. One or two, rarely three or more inconspicuous glands often visible on the underside on each side of the midrib, generally towards the base of the leaf blade. Glands generally situated away from both the midrib and the margin of the leaf blade. Petiole often transversely wrinkled but usually grooved on the upper surface.
Inflorescence about 5-20 cm long, usually exceeding the leaves. Sepals pubescent, about 2.5-3.5 mm long, inner larger than the outer. Petals mainly glabrous, villous near the base, about 10 x 2.5-3 mm. Stamens eight. Anther filaments villous and expanded mainly in the lower half, about 5-6 mm long, closely adhering to the basal part of the petals, but without any vascular attachment, anthers about 0.6 mm long. Disk about 0.2-0.3 mm high, margins obscurely lobed. Ovary octangular, villous, about 2-2.5 x 2 mm, stipitate, stipe about 1 mm long. Yellow glandular disk at base of ovary stipe. Ovules about five. Style about 4 mm long.
Fruits depressed globular and laterally compressed, about 13-20 x 15-23 mm. Seeds about 10-12 x 11-13 mm, completely enclosed in the aril. Embryo flat +/- orbicular, about 8 mm diam., cotyledons green, many times wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons obovate or orbicular, about 15-21 mm diam. First pair of true leaves lanceolate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade lanceolate to oblong-ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate or obtuse, glabrous; petiole and stem glabrous, stem usually somewhat zig-zagged.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1600 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites. One of the slower growing rain forest species and large trees are probably quite old.
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
This is a very slow growing species and large trees are thought to be of great age. Produces a useful timber which was once sought for the manufacture of wooden rulers.
Wood specific gravity 0.80. Cause et al. (1989).