Leaves and Flowers. Copyright B. Gray
Dehisced fruit and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Xanthostemon whitei Gugerli
Gugerli, K. (1940) Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis, Beihefte 120: 83. Type: Common at Mazlins Creek, Herberton District, J.F. Bailey (type); holo: J.F.Bailey AQ 316314 (BRI). ISOTYPE: MEL. ( P.G.Wilson, 1990).
Xanthostemon pubescens C.T.White, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 29: 57(1917), Type: Common at Mazlins Creek, Herberton District, J.F. Bailey (type); holo: J.F.Bailey AQ 316314 (BRI). ISOTYPE: MEL. ( P.G.Wilson, 1990).
Red Penda; Atherton Penda; Penda, Red; Penda; Penda, Atherton
Large trees conspicuously buttressed, bark marked by depressions where bark flakes have been shed.
Young leaves, shoots and leaf bearing twigs densely clothed in brown hairs. Leaf blades about 7-16 x 3-5 cm. Leaf blade with about 12-22 pairs of lateral veins. Oil dots visible with a lens.
Calyx tube (hypanthium) pubescent, about 5-6 x 8-9 mm, lobes pubescent, about 4-5 mm long. Petals pubescent, +/- orbicular, about 4.5-5.5 mm diam. Staminal filaments yellow, about 15-20 mm long, each inserted in an orifice in the base of the anther, anthers about 2 mm long. Ovary mainly glabrous, surrounded by, but not immersed in, the calyx tube (hypanthium), ovary about 2.5-3 mm diam., placentas peltate. Style yellow, about 25-30 mm long.
Fruits +/- globular, about 10-12 mm diam. (excluding the persistent calyx at the base). Seeds flat, about 4-4.5 mm long. Embryo +/- ovate, about 2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, cotyledons only partly overlapping. Radicle straight and lateral.
Cotyledons almost orbicular, about 3 mm diam. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or elliptic-obovate, apex acute, base attenuate, upper surface hairy; oil dots numerous; petiole, stem and terminal bud hairy.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.
A very large tree in nature, this species is already in cultivation where it produces bunches of yellow flowers even as a shrub.
Grows to a large size and the logs are of such size that construction timber of large dimensions can be produced. Formerly very popular as bridge timber.
Wood specific gravity 1.05. Cause et al. (1989).